Friday, May 8, 2009

Remember This Substitution

Institutes of the Christian Religion (1559) - John Calvin
Book 2 - God the Redeemer
Chapter 16 - How Christ Accomplished our Redemption
His Death, Resurrection and Ascent into Heaven

Sections 5-7 - The effects of the obedience and death of Christ
Section 5 - Christ has redeemed us through His obedience,
which He practiced thoughout His life
Rom 5:19.
We are freed from the curse of the Law by "the whole life of Christ" - Gal 4:4-5.
All righteousness was already being fulfilled in His baptism - Matt 3:15.
His death, more specifically, redeems us.
Matt 20:28; Rom 3:24-25; 4:25; 5:9-10; John 1:29; 2 Cor 5:21.
Obedience, between birth and death mentioned in the Apostles' Creed, is not excluded from the means of redemption - Phil 2:7-8. His sacrificial death couldn't have counted if He hadn't "subjected and yielded Himself wholly to His Father's will." John 10:15, 18; Heb 10:7, 9.

Condemnation through Pilate
This taught us that our guilt was imposed on Christ - Isa 53:5; Mark 15:28.
Moreso, since Pilate also acquitted Him - Matt 27:23; John 18:38; Ps 69:4.
He obviously bore another's guilt in His condemnation.
"We must, above all, remember this substitution, lest we tremble and remain anxious throughout life - as if God's righteous vengeance, which the Son of God has taken upon Himself, still hung over us."

Section 6 - "Crucified"
The curse on us for our sins was taken off and put on Christ on the cross.
Deut 21:23.
His life became of offering for sin - Isa 53:10; 2 Cor 5:21; Rom 8:3; Isa 53:6; 1 Pet 2:24.
He overcame the curse; He didn't succomb to it - Col 2:14-15.
We are washed clean by His blood - Eph 5:26; Titus 3:5; Rev 1:5.

Section 7 - "Dead and buried"
His death delivers us from death - Heb 2:9, 14-15.
His death delivers us from the power of sin - Rom 6:2-5; Gal 2:19; 6:14; Col 3:3.

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