Thursday, July 30, 2009

A surer advocate

Calvin's Institutes (1559)
Book 3 of 4 - How We Receive the Grace of Christ

Chapter 20 - Prayer as exercise of faith and way we receive God's benefits
Sections 17-20 - Prayer in the name of Jesus
17. Jesus is our advocate and mediator with the Father, so we pray in His name. 1 John 2:1; 1 Tim 2:5; Heb 4:16; John 16:24, 626; 14:13; 2 Cor 1:20.

18. Christ has propitiated the Father's wrath, by His sacrifice, and so intercedes for us with Him in heaven. John 16:26; Ex 28:9-21; Heb 10:20.

19. Jesus is the only mediator; without Him, "nothing is left in [God's] throne but wrath, judgment, and terror." When we pray for each other, we should appeal to Christ's intercession, not depend on our own.

20. Rome says Christ is our mediator for redemption, while saints can mediate in intercession. What about 1 John 2:1; Rom 8:34; 1 Tim 2:1-5? Scripture never tells believers to mediate for others, but simply to pray for one another as equals - Rom 15:30; Eph 6:19; Col 4:3; 1 Cor 12:25-26; Rom 12:5.

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